Bibliography: Democracy (page 561 of 596)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the I'm with Tulsi website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Miami. World Press Freedom Committee, Ellen Condliffe Lagemann, Ron Chepesiuk, Ernest W. Lefever, Mark W. Cannon, Washington Immigration and Naturalization Service (Dept. of Justice), Gary Pizante, James Garland, Barbara Stoker, and Gary W. Tubb.

Shapiro, H. Svi (1984). Ideology, Hegemony, and the Individualizing of Instruction: The Incorporation of "Progressive" Education, Journal of Curriculum Studies. During the past few years a significant and influential literature has emerged that has had as its focus the theme of the school as a transmitter of the ideology of capitalist society. It is argued here that schools not only transmit ideology but generate and transform it as well. Descriptors: Capitalism, Democracy, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education

Stoker, Barbara; Tubb, Gary W. (1979). Attitudes of Educators Toward the Free Enterprise System. A study was done on teachers, professors of education, and preservice teachers in order to investigate the process of measuring attitudes and to denote the level of attitudes held by these educators about the free enterprise system. The study used a semantic differential to determine the attitudes of 28 subjects toward selected economic concepts representing business, government, and labor. Overall the three levels of subjects had low to medium evaluative scores (denoting feelings and judgments concerning concepts), but higher activity ratings (denoting that certain economic elements were felt to be very strong and active within the economic system). One can conclude that attitudes of educators are transferred through subject matter as well as displayed in the classroom.  Descriptors: Capitalism, Democracy, Economic Factors, Secondary Education

Lagemann, Ellen Condliffe (1996). Experimenting with Education: John Dewey and Ella Flagg Young at the University of Chicago, American Journal of Education. During his years in Chicago, while working with teacher advocate Ella Flagg Young, John Dewey wrote incisively about teachers and the political constraints that limit their effectiveness. After he left Chicago in 1904, his writings largely ignored teachers, focusing on the aims of education in a democratic society. Descriptors: Democracy, Educational Environment, Educational History, Educational Philosophy

Lefever, Ernest W., Ed. (1977). Morality and Foreign Policy. A Symposium on President Carter's Stance. This monograph contains a critical examination of President Carter's view on ethics and foreign policy as expressed in his commencement speech at Notre Dame University on May 22, 1977. The book is organized into three parts. Part 1 contains Mr. Carter's speech entitled, "Power for Humane Purposes." Part 2 contains nine responses to the speech: "Reflecting the Eastern Establishment" (Robert L. Bartley); "Confusing Domestic and Foreign Policy" (Ronald Berman); "Selective Invocation of Universal Values" (Jeane Kirkpatrick); "The Valor of Ignorance" (Charles Burton Marshall); "Totalitarianism–the Central Challenge" (Daniel Patrick Moynihan); "The March of Defeat" (Michael Novak); "A Lack of Ideological Roots" (John P. Roche); "Ignoring Soviet Realities" (Eugene V. Rostow); and"Ideals, Maxims, and Deeds" (Roger L. Shinn). Part 3 contains three essays which are not direct comments on the speech but address issues in the debate on ethics and foreign policy: "Morality and Power" (Henry A. Kissinger); "Morality, Liberalism, and Foreign Policy" (Irving Kristol); and "Limits of the Human Rights Standard" (Ernest W. Lefever). The document also contains a selected bibliography. Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Civil Rights, Democracy, Ethics

Chepesiuk, Ron (1992). Fear and Trembling: Hong Kong Librarians Face Their Uncertain Future, American Libraries. Discussion of the possible changes in Hong Kong in 1997 when rule passes to the People's Republic of China focuses on the uncertain future of libraries and librarians. Topics discussed include the political climate; the departure of qualified Chinese librarians; and the growth of libraries and computerized systems. Descriptors: Change, Democracy, Democratic Values, Foreign Countries

Immigration and Naturalization Service (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC. (1973). English and the State Government. Section 3 for the Helper. Federal Textbook on Citizenship-Home Study Course. Revised Edition. The federal home study citizenship book presents 20 lessons and nine examinations to aid persons helping naturalization candidates learn about state governments. The materials have been developed for people who speak English but who have little or no skill in reading. Intended predominantly as an aid to students studying citizenship on a correspondence basis, the materials can also be useful in a classroom situation. The book begins with an explanation to teachers (also called helpers) of objectives, design, activities, and components on the "English and State Government" course. In the next section are presented 20 lessons on topics including the importance of state governments, lawmaking in states, the role of state governors, the judicial branch of state government, county and city governments, and how state governments are financed. Each lesson includes discussion questions and suggested answers, background information, vocabulary, and activities. Activities involve students in completing sentences, defining vocabulary terms, oral reading, completing work sheets, compiling lists, and memorizing facts related to each topic. The final section presents examinations which direct students to circle proper answers, fill in blanks, match correct responses, underline appropriate endings to partially completed phrases, and to provide yes and no responses to questions.   [More]  Descriptors: Adult Education, Citizenship, City Government, Civics

Pizante, Gary (1985). The Canadian Charter of Rights, American Jurisprudence, and Canadian Civil Libel Law: Will There Be an Occasion for Dancing in Canadian Streets?. The new and immense task that awaits the judiciary of Canada is to decide what limitations, if any, ought to be imposed upon freedom of expression as protected in the new Canadian Constitution with an entrenched Charter of Rights. The area of civil libel law provides special problems related to free speech and press. One source of help for scholars, lawyers, and judges struggling with this problem is the thinking of the American philosopher, Alexander Meiklejohn. His view is that the First Amendment was meant to protect political speech. Thus, he heralded the United States Supreme Court decision in "New York Times vs. Sullivan" as "an occasion for dancing in the streets." It is questionable, however, whether the Canadian courts will accept this theory of self-government and its idea of what is reasonable. Ultimately, the decision rests on how much of a departure from the past the Charter represents. The original purpose of the Canadian system was to provide peace, order, and good government and not life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Meiklejohn's thinking is based on a respect for the sovereignty of the people and on their ability to handle democratic tasks. Parts of his theory may lie on the surface of Canadian ideas, which, as the Charter shows, have a commitment to freedom of expression. The coming court battles and judicial decisions will demonstrate just how deeply that commitment goes. (The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is appended.) Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Democracy

Garland, James (1992). Election '90…German Style, Social Education. Describes a U.S. teacher's observations of the first election in newly reunified Germany in 1990. Discusses the political parties, the public's attitude, political advertising, and student and citizen reaction. Reports concerns over the electoral gains of former communists and setbacks for the Green party. Descriptors: Democracy, Elections, Foreign Countries, Group Unity

Spitzer, Dean R. (1977). Research Into Educational Futures. A series of articles examines the subject of educational futures, including discussions of the relevance of the topic to the training of teachers and librarians. Three games for future forecasting (SCIFI, AFAR and FAR) and a mini-delphi technique are included. A scheme for viewing alternative futures in Educational Technology through the use of matching future trends and development with categories of analysis is presented. There are discussions about analogical forms of languaging behavior, the future of instructional development, and the application of science fiction to educational technology futures.   [More]  Descriptors: Democracy, Educational Research, Educational Technology, Futures (of Society)

Cohen, David K. (1984). The American Common School: A Divided Vision, Education and Urban Society. Americans have always been ambivalent about public education, and this ambivalence is manifested by a split view of education as a vehicle for egalitarian political education and a vehicle for economically differentiated training. In high schools, particularly, attendance is common (i.e., universal), but the education received is not. Descriptors: Democracy, Educational Attitudes, Educational History, Educational Philosophy

Cannon, Mark W. (1981). The U.S. Constitution: Foundation for Effective Government, Freedom and Creativity. In a speech given to judges, public officials, law teachers, lawyers, and students at the East China Institute of Politics and Law, Shanghai, the author discusses the U.S. Constitution. The U.S. Constitution made possible energetic government by majority rule, while also securing individual rights in their appropriate sphere. Not only does the U.S. Constitution provide for citizen voting to assure that public policy will substantially reflect the will of the people, but citizens are also protected from arbitrary or unfair government actions. It is important because people are generally happy when they can organize their energies to pursue objectives they personally value and believe worthwhile. The second reason is that it releases enormous creative energy. The author then goes on to discuss four constitutional elements which contribute to liberty in our constitutional system: the rule of law, due process, guarantees of specific liberties found in our Constitution and its Bill of Rights, and the separation of powers. Another point, which is so important that it could even be viewed as a fifth feature which contributes to liberty, is the fact that courts provide redress even to politically powerless individuals, redress to have their claims heard according to law. The author concludes the paper with a brief description of several aspects of the U.S. political system. Descriptors: Constitutional History, Constitutional Law, Democracy, Democratic Values

Goodlad, John I. (1984). Introduction: The Uncommon Common School, Education and Urban Society. Introduces articles addressing philosophical dilemmas raised by consideration of common school's role in a changing, multicultural society and examining implications of multiculturalism for schools in a democratic nation. Argues that improvements must be generated school by school and that prototypes for healthy schools must evolve over time. Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Democracy, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education

Talbot, Elizabeth (1987). Soviet Cinema. Recent social and political changes in the USSR have made available some 60 previously unreleased films, which were produced during the last 20 years and withheld from release by the Union of Soviet Filmmakers. In 1986, much of this group's leadership was removed leading to an atmosphere more favorable to wider distribution. Some of these films have now been released within the USSR. One of these newly available films, "Scarecrow", by Rolan Bykov, is attracting large audiences. It concerns moral issues, childrens' cruelty to one another, and adult indifference, all controversial subjects not usually portrayed in Soviet films. Opposing reviews of the film have been published, a policy not customary in the past. Other themes found in these films include the evils of Stalinism (especially as represented in "Repentance," directed by Tengis Abuladze), World War II and nuclear war. Animated films for children are being successfully marketed abroad, as are Soviet films generally. A discussion of several films is included in this brief review, a 13-item bibliography is provided, and rental information for Soviet films is listed. Descriptors: Audiovisual Aids, Censorship, Communism, Democracy

World Press Freedom Committee, Miami. (1980). The Media Crisis... This booklet contains comments by those who have been involved in UNESCO debates on the media and on the proposed New Information Order. Specifically, it offers comments on the proposals of the MacBride commission, a group appointed by UNESCO to study the problems of international communications. Specific topics addressed in the various sections of the booklet include: (1) the right of access to private and public sources of information; (2) special protection for journalists, (3) licensing of journalists, (4) employment of journalists by intelligence agencies of any country, (5) a proposed international center for study and planning of information and communications to be established within UNESCO, (6) private ownership of news media, (7) problems created by advertising, and (8) taxing of transnationals. Descriptors: Censorship, Democracy, Developing Nations, Freedom of Speech

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