Bibliography: Democracy (page 574 of 596)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the I'm with Tulsi website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Raymond T. Garza, Ernest W. Lefever, John K. Wilson, White House Conference on Library and Information Services, Kenneth B. Allen, S. K. Padgett, Washington National Inst. for Citizen Education in the Law, James F. Short, Stuart James Bullion, and New York B'nai B'rith.

Garza, Raymond T. (1981). Sociocultural and Educational Assumptions in Follow Through Programs: A Need for Pragmatic Integration. This examination addresses sociocultural, educational, and psychological implications for the planning and implementation of large-scale educational interventions such as Project Follow Through. The first part of the paper provides an overview of issues related to the educational plight of economically disadvantaged children. Particular attention is given to the notion of cultural diversity and its educational implications. The latter portion of the paper consists of a critical analysis of the theoretical assumptions of Follow Through programs implemented during the past decade. These programs are classified according to four approaches: behavior modification, cognitive growth, personal growth, and sociocultural and bilingual/bicultural. Specific recommendations for overcoming the theoretical limitations of these previous programs are presented. Emphasis is placed on acknowledging racial and ethnic differences rather than stressing conformity.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Cultural Pluralism, Democracy

Estebaranz, Araceli; Mingorance, Pilar (1994). School Development and Professional Development in the New Educational Reform in Spain. Components of the sociocultural, professional, and institutional contexts of teacher professional development in Spain are explored. Teacher training changes in Spain arise from the sociocultural context, with the increasing democratization of the nation since the 1980s, the recognition that areas and elements of society have been underserved, the links between Spain and the rest of Europe, and the requirements of the changing economy and the information society. Teachers need more support from the profession as a whole and from society to help them adopt innovations and be aware of the country's cultures. Educational authorities are recognizing the need for changes in teacher education, as exemplified by teacher training in Andalusia and the creation of the Andalusian Institute of Teacher Training and Evaluation. Professional development is also a concern in the private schools, as the report of a private school improvement initiative demonstrates. (Contains 22 references.)   [More]  Descriptors: Democracy, Economic Factors, Educational Change, Educational Improvement

Hanson, Russell L.; Merriman, W. Richard, Jr. (1989). "To Secure the Blessings of Liberty": Rights and the Constitution. A Guide for Discussion of Constitutional Rights. Jefferson Meetings on the Constitution are designed to provide a forum in which citizens can make the Constitution more fully their own through discussion of its principles and the way these principles shape the operation of the U.S. system of government. This document is a guide designed to stimulate reasoned discussion of rights and the Constitution. The topic of individual rights is complex, and the guide takes note of this complexity by examining different kinds of rights: the rights of individuals accused of committing a crime, political rights, civil liberties, economic rights, and civil rights. Various Jefferson Meeting formats for a debate about rights using this guide are suggested. In addition to suggested questions to guide discussion on various types of rights, the complete text of the Bill of Rights and subsequent constitutional amendments concerned with rights are reprinted.   [More]  Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights, Constitutional History

Allen, Kenneth B. (1990). The Information Age: Promise or Dream. White House Conference on Library and Information Services. This paper highlights some implications of living in an Information Age and discusses ways in which information is changing the economics of our society, as well as how the economics of information are also changing. The driving force behind the Information Age–technology–is presented in terms of its impact on information access. Noting that two areas threaten the public's right of access to information–electronic information's transitory quality, and the existence of several policy issues that limit access to governmental information–the paper argues that the dissemination role of libraries, publishers, and the information industry over the next decade will be a determining factor in the public's access to government information. The issue of how technology is changing the nature of private copyright protection is also raised. Six ways in which future Information Age policymakers can address the issues involved in protecting access to information are suggested, and the library community is advised that it must play a key role in shaping these policies if basic democratic freedoms are to be preserved.   [More]  Descriptors: Access to Information, Democracy, Economic Factors, Fair Use (Copyrights)

National Inst. for Citizen Education in the Law, Washington, DC. (1994). National Institute for Citizen Education in the Law Materials List. This catalog lists the books and materials produced by the National Institute for Citizen Education in the Law. The Institute specializes in law-related education, with programs in criminal, family, and consumer law, civics, great historical trials, practical law for prisoners, mock trials, mediation, and human rights. In addition to textbooks, audio-visual materials, and examinations that accompany these programs, the catalog identifies articles that explain the programs. Each listing includes an abstract of the material and a guide to where it can be obtained. An order form is included. Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Citizenship Education, Correctional Education, Court Litigation

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture. (1992). Creative Ways of Using and Disseminating Federal Information. Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred and Second Congress, First and Second Sessions, June 19, 1991, February 19 and June 4, 1992. The purpose of the hearings presented in this Congressional document was to highlight the enterprising, inventive, and imaginative ways that people use public information and ways that agencies disseminate it. Witnesses were called who could provide information about: (1) how federal data is used by people who make genuine contributions to the nation's economy and democratic processes; (2) the importance of making information available in electronic formats; (3) innovative and inexpensive ways of making information available; (4) the needs of users of federal information; (5) the techniques and technologies of information access; and (6) the impact of the high cost of public information. This report includes statements from 17 witnesses representing a variety of agencies, such as federal agencies, including the General Accounting Office; the Association of Research Libraries; the information industry, including USA Today and DIALOG; nonprofit organizations, such as the Regional Contracting and Assistance Center, which disseminates public information to assist in economic development; and public interest organizations, including OMB Watch, a research, educational, and advocacy organization that monitors Executive Branch activities. Also included are prepared statements submitted for the record by the witnesses and four appendices, which include three additional statements, an article from the Wall Street Journal, working notes, and a letter.   [More]  Descriptors: Access to Information, Costs, Democracy, Economic Development

1989 (1989). June Four: A Chronicle of the Chinese Democratic Uprising. This book presents more than 200 photographs along with a chronological record from the "Ming Pao News," covering the events in People's Republic of China from the death of Hu Yaobang on April 15, 1989, which precipitated the Chinese student democratic movement, to the crushing of the movement at Tiananmen Square by the Chinese army on June 4, 1989, and the aftermath up to June 9, 1989. Highlights include the spreading of early student actions, the student hunger strike, negoitiations with Chinese government officials, martial law orders, involvement of the army, and the massacre at Tiananmen Square in Beijing (People's Republic of China). Descriptors: Activism, Armed Forces, Civil Disobedience, Civil Liberties

Wilson, John K., Ed. (1994). Democratic Culture. Newsletter of Teachers for a Democratic Culture. Volumes 1-3, Democratic Culture. This document contains the first five issues of a newsletter for college faculty on countering the publicity campaign against "political correctness." The first issue from Fall 1992 describes the organization's founding and first year, analyzes a lawsuit brought by a faculty member at Massachusetts Institute of Technology against her institution charging acquiescing in "a persistent and continuing pattern of professional, political and sexual harassment," reviews books of interest, and reports on media coverage of "political correctness." The Spring 1993 issue includes reports on a national lobbying organization for scholarly societies, the political fate of possible Clinton-Administration appointee Johnetta Cole, and commentary from several contributors on national politics, higher education culture, liberalism and multiculturalism, and feminism and classical studies. The Fall 1993 issue contains articles on critical pedagogy, a debate over politics at Louisiana State University, consequences of the Reagan-Bush administrations, commentary on national politics, and other essays as well as monitoring of media coverage of higher education. The Spring 1994 issue offers 14 essays and reports on a variety of topics relating to the "politically correct" debate in academia. The Fall 1994 issue is devoted to analysis and commentary of "Who Stole Feminism: How Women Have Been Betrayed by Women" by Christina H. Sommers.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Academic Freedom, College Faculty, Culture

Lefever, Ernest W., Ed. (1985). Reinvigorating Our Schools. A Challenge to Parents, Teachers, and Policymakers. Excerpts from Three Reports. Ethics and Public Policy Essay 58. Addressed to those responsible for educating the rising generation, this collection of excerpts from educational reports is designed to reflect and to encourage the recent emphasis on excellence and civic virtue in public schools. After a foreword by President Reagan, the publication presents an essay by William J. Bennett discussing "Authority, Discipline, Excellence." Ernest W. Lefever then discusses the results of the Maryland Commission on Values Education that formulated ten character objectives and eight related citizen objectives compatible with and supportive of the American democratic tradition. Specific recommendations from the report "A Nation at Risk" for enhancing excellence in public schools are provided. In 1984 an ad hoc group on their own initiative issued a statement in booklet form entitled "Developing Character, Transmitting Knowledge: Sustaining the Momentum for Reform in American Education." Principal recommendations from this report are provided. Appendices contain Richard Schifter's letter to the Maryland Attorney General and the Attorney General's response and recommendations of the Maryland Commission on Values in Education. Suggestions for further reading are provided. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Democracy, Discipline, Educational Change

Turner, Ralph H., Ed.; Short, James F., Jr., Ed. (1981). Annual Review of Sociology. Volume 7, 1981. Fifteen essays describing current research in sociology are included in this publication. Almost all the authors are with departments of sociology in U.S. colleges and universities. The essays fall into ten broad categories: theory and method, social processes, institutions, formal organizations, political and economic sociology, differentiation and stratification, demography individual and society, urban sociology, and sociology of world regions. Titles include: Observational Field Work; The Role of Cognitivie-Linguistic Concepts in Understanding Everyday Social Interactions; Sociological Aspects of Criminal Victimization; Black Students in High Education: A Review of Studies, 1965-1980; Self-Help and Mutual Aid: An Emerging Social Movement?; Organizational Performance: Recent Developments in Measurement; The Sociology of Democratic Politics and Government; The Fiscal Crisis of the Capitalist State; Beliefs About Stratification; Recent Research on Multinational Corporations; Dimensions of the New Immigration to the United States and the Prospects for Assimilation; The Social Control of Sexuality; Marginal Settlements in Developing Countries: Research, Advocacy of Policy, and Evolution of Programs; Latin America: Social Structures and Sociology; and Sociology of South Africa. The volume concludes with cumulative indexes of authors and titles for volumes three through six of the publication. Descriptors: Black Students, Capitalism, Criminology, Democracy

Lynch, James (1994). Cultural Diversity and Education for Citizenship: A Challenge for Development Education. A case is presented to advance education on citizenship within the culturally diverse societies of the developing world. The neglect of a positive approach to citizenship education in the period surrounding decolonization may have contributed to the fact that so many developing nations find themselves with social, political, and economic difficulties. The challenge has become more than one of assuring economic development; it has expanded to include the development of democratic citizenship for all. A new epistemology is needed, one that can recognize citizenship objectives in literacy, numeracy, and other existing subjects in the school curriculum. There is an urgent need to expand the concept of citizenship beyond the narrow bounds of family or tribe if citizens are to be prepared for the age of global rights and responsibilities. There are major academic, intellectual, and political problems to overcome before the intensive academic cooperation that could provide the citizenship education needed in developing countries can emerge. The developed world must make solving these problems and advancing citizenship possible for the developing world.   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bias, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility

B'nai B'rith, New York, NY. Anti-Defamation League. (1987). Government by the People, Government upon the People. A Comparison of Democratic and Undemocratic Forms of Government: The U.S. and the U.S.S.R. The goals of this learning packet are to: (1) increase understanding of the Soviet system; (2) enhance appreciation of U.S. constitutionally guaranteed rights; and (3) inform students of how governmental policies of both nations are reflected in the lives of ordinary people. The 17 reproducible lessons are designed to present: (1) the philosophy and structure of government; (2) the rights of citizens; and (3) with the work and home life of ordinary Soviet and U.S. people. In lessons 1-3, students define and distinguish between the political and economic systems of the United States and the Soviet Union. In lessons 4-9, students compare the rights to free speech, free press, fair trial, suitable punishment for crimes, free worship, and free movement in the United States and the Soviet Union. Students also analyze how government policies are reflected in the lives of contemporary Soviet dissidents and refuseniks, and they will study the U.S. judicial and political systems. In lessons 10-16, students draw comparisons between education, work, crime, and home life in the Soviet Union and the United States. In lesson l7, students analyze reasons that the U.S. government is democratic and the Soviet government is totalitarian. A teacher's guide, which outlines the objectives and teaching strategies for the module, is included with the packet. Descriptors: Capitalism, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights, Communism

White House Conference on Library and Information Services. (1991). White House Conference on Library and Information Services. Issue Briefing Book. Intended for use by the delegates to the second White House Conference on Library and Information Services (WHCLIS2), this issue briefing book contains national issues which have been identified at the governors' pre-White House conferences in the various states and territories. The issues have been assigned to 10 topical areas–Access, Networking, Technologies, Personnel, National Information Policies, Preservation, Training, Marketing, Services/Programs, and Governance–and the format for each issue includes the Title, the Issue Statement, Background, Questions for Discussion, and Suggested Solutions. The remainder of the format, to be completed by the delegates at the conference, will include the actual recommendation, its justification, and the implementation strategy as well as its impact on the three main themes of the conference. Notes provided for each issue refer back to the actual state recommendations used by Topic Committee members to consolidate the 1,100 recommendations submitted by the states and territories into the less than 100 issues presented in this notebook. Introductory materials include the conference agenda, recommendations and process pointers, an index to the individual issues, an index to the statistical tables which were provided on site, and the proposed conference rules.   [More]  Descriptors: Access to Information, Computer Networks, Democracy, Information Networks

Padgett, S. K. (1987). We the People of the United States: Scavenger Hunt. An activity-based approach to learning the U.S. Constitution through a series of clues that describe the amendments and articles is presented in this lesson plan. The articles and amendments are placed in envelopes and put in different locations throughout the school. The clues given to the students partially describe the Constitution and partially describe the location of the article or amendment being sought. The objectives for the lesson plan are to teach: (1) a knowledge of the structure of the Constitution; (2) the basic principles that are to be found in the Constitution; (3) cooperation through developing group-working skills; and (4) deductive reasoning skills. The activity serves to stimulate the interest of the faculty and students in the study of the Constitution.  Descriptors: American Studies, Civics, Constitutional Law, Democracy

Bullion, Stuart James (1983). News Media and Diplomacy: Roles, Relationships and Communication Systems. Reflecting and influencing foreign policy, the mass media are important, if nontraditional, diplomatic channels. The role the news media assume, ranging from neutral to participant, depends largely on the society within which it operates. Journalists in authoritarian governments, for example, who rely on press releases and briefings of foreign policy makers, reflect rather than analyze official diplomatic positions. Serving as policy instruments, they generate little tension between the press and diplomatic circles. In more liberal societies, however, journalists tend to adopt an adversary role. They advocate or criticize foreign policy, bringing public opinion to bear on government stands. As diplomatic control over the message and target audience decreases, therefore, tension between the press and official diplomatic channels grows. Given its potential impact, more research is needed on the press's role in foreign relations. Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Democracy, Foreign Diplomats, Foreign Policy

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