Bibliography: Democracy (page 576 of 596)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the I'm with Tulsi website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Lynne B. Iglitzin, Christine Wojohn, B. G. Wilson, Carl-Gustaf Andren, Paul Zimmerman, John H. Stanfield, Alan Smithson, Alex Molnar, Diane Ravitch, and James S. Kaminsky.

Angell, Ann V. (1991). Democratic Climates in Elementary Classrooms: A Review of Theory and Research, Theory and Research in Social Education. Reviews theory and research on the relationship between classroom climate and citizenship outcomes in elementary settings. Compares democratic learning environments described by three studies. Suggests that free expression, peer interaction in cooperative activities, respect for diverse viewpoints, and student participation in decision making affect citizenship. Argues that democratic classroom climates are essential to democratic citizenship. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Classroom Environment, Cooperative Learning, Democracy

Zimmerman, Paul (1969). Citizens Behind Barbed Wire: The Japanese Relocation and Democratic Ideals in Total War. Teacher and Student Manuals. Focusing on the forcible relocation of West Coast Japanese-American citizens during World War II, the unit poses the question: Can democratic ideals and processes survive the conditions of total war? Some aspects of this episode considered are: public and official reactions to the Pearl Harbor attack; racial antipathies underlying the decision for relocation; and the consequences of relocation not only for those interned, but for all Americans, whose civil rights are threatened by the Constitutional precedents it set. Designed primarily for college-bound students, the unit is also suitable for above-average junior high students. (See SO 000 161 for a listing of related documents.)   [More]  Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Civil Rights, College Bound Students, Democracy

Kaminsky, James S. (1983). Kaminsky's Reflections on the "Freedom and Authority Addendum"; or, Returning Smithson's Philosophy for His Own Use. A Rejoinder, Journal of Educational Administration. Rebuts Alan Smithson's critiques of the author's prior position that a 1970 memo by A. W. Jones, then South Australian Director General of Education–which prescribed administrative decentralization in the region's school systems–brought about the democratization of those systems. Descriptors: Administrative Principles, Citizen Participation, Democracy, Educational Philosophy

Iglitzin, Lynne B. (1983). Social Issues and the Social Studies, Social Education. Because the numbers responding to the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) social issues survey were so small, any generalizations about the views of the membership of NCSS policy directions must be made with extreme caution. With this limitation in mind, survey results are discussed. Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Democracy, Educational Needs, Educational Research

Andren, Carl-Gustaf (1983). Patterns of Authority in Swedish Higher Education and Research, International Journal of Institutional Management in Higher Education. The current structure of governance and decision making in Swedish higher education and the effects of recent national reform on perceived and actual autonomy at the central, regional, and local levels are discussed. An initial desire for more decentralized decision making has turned to increasing demand for more guidance by central organizations. Descriptors: College Administration, Decision Making, Democracy, Educational Administration

Wojohn, Christine; Larkins, Guy (1983). Democratic Values and Local History: Values Inculcation in the Primary Grades, Georgia Social Science Journal. Lessons dealing with Black political participation in Georgia after the Civil War and during the integration of the University of Georgia are used as examples of values education. The concept of values education, its applicability to elementary school social studies, and reasons for using these examples are discussed. Descriptors: Black History, Citizen Participation, Civil War (United States), Democracy

Wilson, B. G. (1980). Structuring the Institution for Improved Effectiveness–A University Perspective, Journal of Tertiary Educational Administration. Despite the overall commitment of universities to change, the people within them are conservative about organizational change. It is important to discuss all changes so those involved feel like participants, perhaps by bringing decision making to a lower administrative level. The objective is to enhance excellence.   [More]  Descriptors: Accountability, Administrative Organization, College Administration, Democracy

Wagoner, Jennings L., Jr. (1976). Thomas Jefferson and the Education of a New Nation. Fastback 73, Bicentennial Series. Although Thomas Jefferson was not an educator, his concern with issues relating to education raised controversy during the founding years of the United States and these issues continue to be topics of serious debate today. Some are the relationship between public and private education, school administration, equal opportunity for education, and social reform through education. Jefferson's fundamental educational question was the nature and role of education in a new nation committed to principles of liberty and quality. The educational needs in the new United States as viewed by Jefferson are reflected in the education he obtained while becoming a statesman, his political activity, his acceptance of the Doctrine of Natural Rights, his perception of the role of education in a free society, and his establishment of the University of Virginia. Jefferson's educational contributions lie in the realm of the "why" of teaching, rather than the "how", and in initiating discussion of several controversial issues.   [More]  Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Colonial History (United States), Democracy, Educational History

Lawler, Peter Augustine (1992). Reflections on Bloom and His Critics, Journal of General Education. Reflects on Allan Bloom's book "The Closing of the American Mind," discussing critics' opinions and the book's links or discords with various philosophers' ideals. Identifies weaknesses in Bloom's work, but sees it as a warning about U.S. democratic future. Descriptors: Book Reviews, Democracy, Educational Objectives, Educational Philosophy

Ravitch, Diane; And Others (1983). The Paideia Proposal: A Symposium, Harvard Educational Review. In seven articles debating the Paideia Proposal, the authors provide an organization of a program for "basic schooling" that, Mortimer Adler argues, will prepare students for citizenship in a democratic society, encourage lifelong learning and personal development, and provide the skills necessary to earn a living. Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Community Development, Democracy, Educational Objectives

Fonseca, Claudia (1982). The Impact of Primary School Administration of Students' Parents in Rural Brazil, Anthropology and Education Quarterly. The rural primary school in Brazil could make important contributions to rural development through its potential to involve adults (parents) in democratic group decisions. The system as it now stands, however, is rigidly hierarchical and allows no space for participation of low income groups in upper-echelon decision making.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Decision Making, Democracy, Developing Nations

Stanfield, John H., II (1992). Ethnic Pluralism and Civic Responsibility in Post-Cold War America, Journal of Negro Education. Traces the history of Euro-American resistance to the realities of an ethnically plural society. Reforms to teacher education and public education are needed to respond to requirements of a nation of increasing pluralism. Cultural scholarship and the active political participation of people of color are essential. Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Responsibility, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness

Molnar, Alex (1983). Results of the ASCD/NCSS Social Issues Survey: Are the Issues Studied in School the Important Issues Facing Humankind?, Social Education. According to National Council for the Social Studies and the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development respondents, the issues deemed important–nuclear disarmament, pollution, worldwide wealth and poverty, and alternatives to the U.S. social-economic-political system–are not included in the social studies to the extent they should be. Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Democracy, Educational Needs, Educational Research

Smithson, Alan (1983). Kaminsky's Addendum to the "Freedom and Authority" Memorandum: A Philosophical Investigation in a Contextual Vacuum, Journal of Educational Administration. Criticizes James S. Kaminsky's position that a 1970 memo by A. W. Jones, then South Australian Director General of Education–which prescribed administrative decentralization in the region's school systems–brought about the democratization of those systems. Descriptors: Administrative Principles, Citizen Participation, Democracy, Educational Philosophy

Bustos, Fabio M. (1991). Educational Planning and Administration in Latin America: From Optimism to Uncertainty, Prospects. Discusses the history of educational planning and administration in Latin America. Describes a period of educational expansion and diversification after World War II and one of disillusionment during the economic crisis of the 1980s. Urges an thorough review of the traditional approaches of educational planning in Latin America and a search for new strategies. Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Decentralization, Democracy, Developing Nations

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